CBD - Cannabidiol - Cannabis Medicine - HAPA medical


CBD (Cannabidiol) CBD (cannabidiol) is the second most well-known phyto-cannabinoid after THC and generally the second most prevalent phyto-cannabinoid in the cannabis flower. As it is not psychotropic, CBD is not subject to the Narcotics Act. A doctor’s prescription is required however due to its known pharmacological effects. CBD binds to many different receptors (‘dirty …

CBD Read More »

THC Moleküle - Cannabis Medizin - HAPA medical

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol)

THC (Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol) The best-known cannabinoid Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) is responsible for the renowned ‘high’ and for most people enjoyable psychotropic effects of cannabis. Since March 2017, THC and THC-containing substances have been classified in Germany within Appendix III of the narcotics law as prescription drugs. This article reviews the therapeutic potential of THC. Chemical formula: C21H30O2 …

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) Read More »

ECS & the Nervous system - Cannabis Medicine - HAPA medical

ECS & the Nervous System

ECS & the Nervous System The nervous system can be divided into the central (brain, spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system (sympathetic, parasympathetic and enteric nervous system (ENS)). Endocannabinoid receptors are expressed in the central and the peripheral nervous system as well as on other associated cell types; the most common receptor is CB1. …

ECS & the Nervous System Read More »


Substance-induced psychosis & schizophrenia

Many physicians and patients worry that medical cannabis may trigger drug-induced psychosis or schizophrenia. Cannabis-induced psychosis, which symptomatically is similar to psychotic episodes of paranoid schizophrenia, at least shows a more favorable prognosis compared to other drug-related psychoses (also alcohol). It is no news that regular use of cannabis correlates with schizophrenic diseases, especially when …

Substance-induced psychosis & schizophrenia Read More »

Therapeutic potential

Therapeutic Potential The pharmacological effects of cannabis are clinically evident. However, due to sociopolitical research hindrances, cannabis is currently only approved for a few indications (nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, lack of appetite and cachexia in HIV or cancer, neuropathic or chronic pain and spasticity in MS). Therefore, the off-label or no-label use of non-approved …

Therapeutic potential Read More »

Risiken und Wechselwirkungen - cannabis medizin - HAPA medical

Risks & contraindications

Risks & Contraindications According to the WHO cannabis is a “relatively safe drug“ that has never led to overdose-related deaths. Acute side effects primarily affect the mind and psychomotoric functions as well as the heart and circulatory system. These effects usually vanish after a short period of time. Due to its psychotropic effects cannabis medication …

Risks & contraindications Read More »

Personalised Medicine - Cannabis - HAPA medical

Personalised Medicine

Personality, life events, genetic predisposition, lifestyle, sex, age and social environment are only a few examples for individual factors that influence our health and potential disease progression. New discoveries in basic research addressing the molecular processes of life constantly expand the understanding of health and disease. However, it takes a long period of time until …

Personalised Medicine Read More »

Mind & Body - Cannabis Medizin - HAPA medical

Mind & Body

In the treatment of physical ailments not only the elimination of pathogens plays a role. There also exists a complex communication network between the immune system and the brain via which these two main supervisory faculties of an organism influence each other. One example for this is stress and the influence of the so called …

Mind & Body Read More »

Zivilisationskrankheiten - Cannabis Medizin - HAPA medical

Lifestlye Disease

Most people in western industrialized countries fall ill with lifestyle diseases like cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disorders, cancer, obesity and dysregulated immune responses due to an unhealthy lifestyle with too much stress and too little exercise. For instance, the excessive consumption of animal fats leads to increasing levels of arachidonic acid that is the initial substrate …

Lifestlye Disease Read More »

Holistic Health Cannabis edicine-hapa-medical

Holistic Health

According to the WHO health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being. Hence, it depends on intrinsic/personal and extrinsic/social influences. Interdisciplinary fields like psychosomatics, somatopsychology or nutritional medicine demonstrate a growing holistic approach in modern medical care. Endocannabinoid medicine that acts at the interface of body and mind could play …

Holistic Health Read More »